Thermal mass flow meters excel in measuring and monitoring landfill gas at landfills or solid waste facilities.

    1. Methane Gas Monitoring from the Gas Well Side
    2. Pre-treatment before Measurement
    3. Downstream of Scrubbers
    4. Return Gas Line to Landfill
    5. Gas Flow Rate to Generator or Co-generation Facility

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Landfill Gas Composition

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Landfill Gas Monitoring, Recovery, and Flaring

The decay of organic material at solid waste facilities, typically food scraps, waste paper, and cardboard, creates Landfill gas (LFG) at solid waste facilities. A collection system at the landfill includes extraction wells and a series of manifolds that connect the central manifold and blower.

Landfill gas comprises approximately 50% methane and 50% carbon dioxide. This ratio of gases will change over the landfill’s life and vary from site to site, depending upon its composition. Furthermore, the gas composition can change seasonally depending on the weather.

Flaring the gas (LFG) at small landfills is the standard solution to dispose of it. More extensive operations may feed the gas to a boiler or engine for onsite energy production. Optionally, the facility may sell landfill gas for use in electricity production. Whereas in other cases, the gas is treated and transported into a natural gas pipeline.

flaring gas
Small landfills typically flare the gas on the property.

Measuring Landfill Fuel Gas

Because the thermal mass flow meter has excellent low-flow sensitivity, it excels at measuring the landfills’ fuel gases. The gas produced at the landfill is low flow and very low pressure. These flow rates are, in fact, too low for other flowmeter technologies, such as differential pressure, turbine meters, and vortex meters, to accurately measure the fuel gas.

Landfill Gas After Conditioning and Cogeneration

biogas application guide
Biogas Application Guide

Many landfills condition the gas to fuel electrical generators. In this case, the gas is dried and filtered and must be measured accurately for custody transfer and billing applications and combustion optimization in the electrical generation process.

A thermal mass flow meter has a wide turndown range and extremely low flow sensitivity and provides the most accurate and reliable meter for this application.

If you want more information about measuring landfill gas flow throughout the facility, download our Landfill Gas Flow Monitoring and Flaring technical note.

GHG Emissions Monitoring for Municipal and Industrial Waste Landfills

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